Laparoscopic repair for a hernia is very similar to other types of laparoscopic treatments. During the surgery, a general anaesthesia is administered and an incision is made below or at the site of the navel. The abdomen is then inflated with air and a laparoscope, which is a slim illuminated scope, is placed in the incision. Instruments for repairing the hernia are inserted through other cuts made in the lower section of the abdomen. A type of reinforcement, such as a mesh, is used to support the wall of the belly.
Before deciding on this type of surgery, you need to determine if other conditions need to be evaluated before considering the operation. Hernias can also be strangulated or incarcerated. So, you need to know more about each type of hernia.
Assess Your Condition
For example, an incarcerated hernia is part of the abdominal tissue or intestine that becomes trapped in a hernia’s sac. The bulging soft tissue pushes through the abdominal wall. If a part of the intestine is contained, the patient’s stool may not be able to pass. In turn, the patient can experience vomiting, nausea, pain, and distension.
In the case of a strangulated hernia, immediate surgery is always required as the hernia can trigger swelling, pain, and bulging. In severe cases, the hernia can lead to gangrene, bleeding, and septicaemia. A strangulated hernia is rare and therefore not frequently treated.
The Recovery Process
When the patient goes through a laparoscopic hernia repair recovery, the period will last for up to two weeks. Typically, patients can return to light routines after this period. Any intense exercise must be put off for a month.
Repairing Children’s Hernias
Usually, surgical repairs are made for inguinal hernias that are causing a series of symptoms and discomfort. Open hernia surgery is always advised for children whilst a laparoscopic hernia repair is not advised. Laparoscopes are only used on children when open hernia repairs are being performed.
When Repairs Are Not Advised
Also, laparoscopic surgery repair may not be suitable for people who exhibit the following:
- An intolerance to general anaesthesia
- Certain bleeding disorders such as haemophilia
- Scar tissue from other surgical treatments
- Breathing disorders such as emphysema or lung disease
- Pregnancy or obesity
Why a Laparoscopic Surgery Repair Is Often Preferred Over Open Surgery
A laparoscopic inguinal surgery has certain benefits over open hernia repairs. This type of surgery often causes less pain, which makes it possible for a person to resume his or her daily responsibilities faster. Also, the repair of a recurrent hernia is simpler when a laparoscope is used instead of an open procedure. Because the incisions are smaller, a laparoscopic repair is often preferred based on cosmetic preferences.
When taking on this type of procedure or any type of surgery, be cognisant of the possible risks that may include general anaesthetic reactions, bladder injury, urinary retention, infection, scar tissue adhesions, numbness in the thigh, or recurrence.
If you consult with a physician who is well-versed in this type of procedure, you can feel more assured about the surgery. Make an appointment to review your case in order to see how to proceed.